A Beginner’s Guide on How to Brew Beer

Hey, beer enthusiasts!

Let’s talk about one of the best things in the world ever created: beer. 

The art of brewing started thousands of years ago, following a complex process, but nowadays, there are new ways to perfect it.

Beer brewing takes some grains, hops, yeast, and water and turns it into a refreshing drink. 

From stouts to sours or pilsners to porters, there are different styles of beer to try with unique flavors and aromas. 

If you want to learn how to brew beer, here are some things you may want to know about how brewmasters turn water into magic!

A Variety Of Craft Beers.

Introduction to Beer Brewing

Beer brewing makes beer, an alcoholic beverage people have enjoyed for centuries. 

The usual beer brewing process involves fermenting malted grains with water, hops, and yeast for flavor and texture. 

The main steps may include mashing, boiling, fermenting, and conditioning, but actions like mashing are optional. 

You can try beer brewing on a small scale at home with essential equipment.

But for larger-scale production like commercial breweries, they use specialized equipment and unique processes.

Before making the perfect drink, you’ll need skill and patience for that rewarding treat at the end of the process. 

History of Beer Brewing

Did you know that beer used to be a food staple for most of history?

That’s right! Beer is not only for intoxication or drinking during a night out. 

People consume beer to hydrate them because it is safe and tasty, whereas clean water is hard to access. 

Also, the alcohol content from the past is low, so it became the only safe liquid to drink when there’s no water.

In 2400 BCE, ancient Egyptians used tombs to display their beer-making process, where they crushed barley, mixed them with water, and dried them. 

In the Industrial Revolution, brewing became modern, thanks to Louis Pasteur and Emile Hansen.

These men introduced microbiological practices and pure-culture technology for large-scale beer production. 

So, the next time you open a beer bottle, remember the centuries of history and innovation that went into your beverage.

The Four Main Ingredients: Water, Grains, Hops, and Yeast

The Four Main Ingredients Water, Grains, Hops, and Yeast

Beer is a simple yet complex drink comprising the four most crucial ingredients: water, grains, yeasts, and hops. 

Water serves as the foundation of the beverage; barley adds the sweetness, hops give the bitterness, while yeast turns it into alcohol.


Water is the unsung hero of beer making, taking up approximately 90% of the final product. 

However, not all water is the same because the mineral content of each one can impact the taste and texture of the beer. 

Soft water creates a smooth and clean brew, while mineral-rich water pops the hoppy flavor. 

Go in-depth on the best water for brewing beer here.


Grain provides color, flavor, sugar, proteins, and dextrins for the overall characteristics of the beer. 

Breweries typically use barley because of its good starch-to-protein ratio, and wheat tastes slightly sour. 

Depending on the grain used, you can get various flavors like earthy, spicy, and more. 


The hops are the secret to the bitterness you can test from the beer. 

It can be costly when brewing and gives bitterness, flavor, aroma, and stability.

You can also have it in different varieties like fruity, spicy, flowery, or resiny aromas. 

The ideal hop should balance the sweetness of malt and give depth to the brew so you get the perfect beer flavor. 

This may lead you to ask, what is IBUs in beer?


Yeast turns the light malt and hops into a thirst-quenching beer. 

It is responsible for the fermentation of the beer, where the yeast-containing microorganisms eat sugar and turn it into alcohol.

Different kinds of yeast can make your beer fruity, crisp, clean, sour, and aromatic. 

There are a variety of yeasty beers in the market!

Give these moonshine recipes a shot!

Step-by-Step Guide on How to Brew Beer

Large Scale Beer Brewing Equipment.

The magic begins when you have the four main ingredients in creating beer: hops, grains, yeast, and water. 

The process may take some time that you can even sit back and relax, but the results are worth the time and effort.

Brewing beer is not only a science but also an art. 

Whether you want to learn beer brewing to make beer yourself or you are just curious, let’s get to it!

Gather Equipment

The essential brewery equipment includes a large pot, fermenter, thermometer, hydrometer, bottles, and caps. 

Brewery companies use specialized machines that perform the process according to their preference. 

But if you want to try a small-scale production, you can find most of this equipment in brewing kits. 

Sanitize Equipment and Work Area

Cleaning and sanitizing prevent spoilage and foul tastes so you can ensure that your beer will be safe to drink. 

If you will use equipment found in your home, use dish soap and water to remove dirt or grime. 

Choose Ingredients

Prepare essential ingredients such as hops, yeast, water, and malted barley.

Consider the beer recipe or flavor you want to create to know which variety to use. 

As you experiment with different ratios of ingredients, you can find endless possibilities for creating delicious beers.

Make the Mash (If Using All-Grain Brewing Method)

This step is unnecessary, but making a mash from scratch can add a little pop to your beer. 

This process includes mixing grains with hot water to create a wort. 

In this step, the malted grains break down the starches into essential sugars during fermentation. 

Boil the Wort With Hops

When you have the wort, boil it while adding the hops to add bitterness, flavor, and aroma. 

The wort is a cozy little apartment for the yeast to reach a comfortable temperature. 

Ferment the Wort With Yeast

Once the wort has cooled down, you can add the yeast to start the fermentation. 

The yeast makes the sugars in the wort into alcohol and carbon dioxide, so choosing the correct yeast strain is crucial. 

Adding an airlock and sealing the container to prevent contaminants while allowing CO2 to escape is essential. 

Keep the fermenter at the right temperature to complete the process and achieve the desired flavor. 

This process usually takes weeks to months, depending on the yeast strain and temperature. 

In this part, you can add some math to the science by taking gravity readings with a hydrometer. 

Bottle the Beer With Additional Sugar

Once fermentation is complete, you can place the beer into a bottle with a small amount of added sugar. 

The remaining yeast will consume the sugar, which produces carbonation.

It would be best to wait to consume the beer as it needs to develop mature flavors. 

Next up, a beginner’s guide to brewing beer.

Different Types of Beer

Different Types Of Beer.

Common beer types are ale and lager, but you can find more when you explore local groceries like stouts, IPAs, etc.


Ale is a beer brewed at high temperatures, so fermentation is faster.

It has a different fruit and often spicy taste, which comes in light and refreshing pale ales to the rich and full-bodied porters.


Lager is the opposite of ale, using a cold fermentation process to create a smooth and crisp finish.

When the beer has a clean taste, high carbonation, lighter body, and less assertive flavors, you know it is a lager.


Stout is a dark-colored beer with a roasted malt flavor, making it a coffee or chocolate-like flavor. 

You can find it in many forms, like dry, imperial, Irish, or oatmeal stout, which can be rich, creamy, and full-bodied.


IPA stands for India Pale Ale, originally from England before it came to India. 

IPAs have a distinct hoppy flavor, making them bitter with floral or fruity hints.

Wheat Beer

The wheat beer uses malted barley and a good amount of wheat to produce a light and cloudy appearance with a more delicate taste. 

Compared to other beers, wheat beers have a slightly sweet or fruit flavor that is less bitter, which makes them a refreshing drink.

Beginners learn brewing beer here!

Wrapping Up

Now that you know the basics of brewing, you may find beer even more exciting and enjoyable.

Whether a crisp lager or a hoppy IPA, there’s nothing like a good beer to chill with after a long day. 

Warning: Once you start down the path of brewing, there’s no turning back! 

Next thing you know, you’ll be searching more about beer brewing and if you can make one at home. 

Here’s to good beer, good times, and good company. 

Until next time, keep sipping and brewing. Cheers!


What is the Duration of the Beer Brewing Process?

Beer brewing takes different lengths, but getting a perfectly aged beer takes weeks to months.

For example, the average duration for ales is 2 to 4 weeks, while lagers take 4 to 6 weeks. 

Beer styles and brewing techniques require more time and effort, which can cause a longer time. 

Considering the length of the brewing process is crucial for brewers as it can affect the quality and quantity of beer.

Can You Brew Without Hops?

While hops are part of the main ingredients in modern beer making, some beer styles don’t use hops. 

Instead, brewers use alternative flavoring ingredients like fruit extracts, herbs and spices, and more. 

Beers without hops can have a unique and complex flavor profile, making them stand out from traditional hoppy beers.

What is the Difference Between All-Grain and Extract Brewing?

All-grain brewing uses mash to create the wort, while extract brewing uses pre-made malt extract as the base. 

Using all grains can be more time-consuming, but you can control your flavor profile more.

Other related articles to read are:

The Easiest Beer To Brew.

How Hard Is It To Make Beer?

Is It Safe To Brew Beer At Home?